Comprehensive survey on the central government of

2022-08-17
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Summary of the survey on the transformation and upgrading of agricultural machinery and equipment manufacturing promoted by the Central Committee of the Democratic League of China

on the "battlefield" of the three summer rush, all kinds of agricultural machinery and equipment are fighting everywhere. According to the statistics of the Ministry of agriculture, as of June 8, the country has harvested 184.82 million mu of winter wheat, with the proportion of machine harvest reaching 90%. Agricultural mechanization has made great contributions to the bumper harvest of wheat everywhere

agricultural mechanization is the foundation of agricultural modernization. Although China's agricultural machinery industry has made great progress during the "12th Five Year Plan", the industry still faces many problems and challenges. At present, China's economic supply side structural reform is in the stage of overcoming difficulties. Promoting the transformation and upgrading of agricultural machinery and equipment manufacturing industry is the due intention of agricultural supply side structural reform

just after the two sessions of this year, as the annual party survey, the special research group of the Central Committee of the Democratic League of China "accelerating the transformation and upgrading of China's agricultural machinery and equipment manufacturing under the guidance of reform and innovation" led by Zhang Baowen, vice chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress and chairman of the Central Committee of the Democratic League of China, and Chen Xiaoguang, vice chairman of the CPPCC National Committee and executive vice chairman of the Central Committee of the Democratic League of China, respectively, carried out in-depth research in Jiangsu and Shandong. Xu Hui, member of the Standing Committee of the CPPCC National Committee and vice chairman of the Central Committee of the Democratic League of China, also conducted a supplementary survey in Henan

the research team selected a representative province from the three main grain producing areas in the south, North and middle, from the relevant local departments, to agricultural equipment manufacturing enterprises, agricultural cooperatives, and then to the relevant service institutions and farmers' homes. The research team tried to restore the current development status of China's agricultural equipment manufacturing industry in an all-round way. In the structural contradiction between the supply and demand of low-end products and the dependence of high-end products on imports, The urgency of the transformation and upgrading of China's agricultural equipment manufacturing industry in the process of "self-improvement" is obvious

precise topic selection, aiming at the prominent structural contradiction between supply and demand of agricultural machinery

China is a populous country. Food is the most important thing for the people, and agriculture, as the primary industry, has always occupied an important position in various developments. It can be seen that the No. 1 document every year is the theme of "agriculture related"

although it is a democratic party with educational and cultural characteristics, the Central Committee of the Democratic League of China has been quietly pouring wisdom and effort into agriculture in recent years, and there are not a few proposals and suggestions on agriculture every year

in December last year, the Ministry of agriculture, the national development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of industry and information technology jointly issued the action plan for the development of agricultural machinery and equipment () (hereinafter referred to as the plan). The plan points out that by 2025, the categories of agricultural machinery and equipment will be complete, the technical level of equipment required for the full mechanization of grain crop production will be significantly improved, and the equipment required for the full mechanization of main cash crops will be effectively supplied

in a sense, the introduction of the plan sounded the "horn" of agricultural equipment manufacturing industry to help agricultural modernization and agricultural supply side structural reform

after repeated research and full preparation, and after soliciting the opinions of relevant ministries and commissions and research institutions, the Central Committee of the Democratic League of China cleverly found a "junction" between promoting the strategy of building a strong manufacturing country and the development of agricultural modernization: in view of the problem of "large but not strong" agricultural mechanization industry in China in recent years, The Central Committee of the Democratic League of China finally identified "accelerating the transformation and upgrading of China's agricultural machinery and equipment manufacturing under the guidance of reform and innovation" as the major research theme of this year

to express the original intention of the research more accurately, this paragraph made by Chairman zhangbaowen when leading the team can be used as a "representative". He said that agricultural machinery and equipment is an important support and material basis for the development of modern agriculture. Accelerating the development of agricultural machinery and equipment industry is an objective requirement to improve agricultural labor productivity, land output rate and resource utilization rate. It is also a practical need to support the transformation of agricultural development mode, the improvement of agricultural quality and efficiency and international competitiveness. It plays an important role in promoting agricultural production and efficiency, changing the way of increasing farmers' income and promoting rural development. Seizing the strategic opportunity of a new round of industrial revolution and promoting the transformation and upgrading of agricultural machinery and equipment industry is of great significance to accelerate the supply side structural reform of manufacturing and promote the development of the real economy

with questions and initial intention, the research team went to enterprise workshops and fields in Jiangsu, Shandong and Henan

"with the rural hollowing out and the aging of farmers caused by rural young people collectively going out to work, farmers' demand for convenient equipment such as agricultural machinery is increasing." As an expert and scholar, he was invited to participate in the research. An Hui, director of the Institute of electronic information industry of China Academy of electronic information industry development, noticed that the huge resource potential is the reason for the booming purchase and sale of agricultural machinery in China for many years

in addition, in the past two years, with the rapid development of large-scale land management, farmers' professional cooperatives and family farms have sprung up like mushrooms after the end of the operation of yu6 and mortar tensile testing machine. They gradually occupy the agricultural machinery market and become the backbone of the consumption of the agricultural machinery market

isn't it a good thing to have strong demand? Not really

The common problem found by the research team in the three places is that the market demand for agricultural machinery has indeed not decreased, but this demand has quietly changed. The products provided by traditional agricultural machinery and equipment manufacturing enterprises can no longer meet the needs of the market

In other words, the current development of agricultural machinery industry can no longer adapt to the new situation of the rise of new agricultural business entities

practice hard and firmly grasp the key core technology of agricultural machinery

the research of the Central Committee of the Democratic League of China is in "progress". A "northeast farmers would rather spend 10 times the price to buy imported German plows" has really attracted an eye

in the field research, this is not "new"

the first stop of the survey, Jiangsu, a major economic province, has its own "agricultural" characteristics - the proportion of agricultural GDP is not high, and the per capita cultivated land is only 0.86 mu, less than 60% of the national level. However, its mechanization development level is leading in the country, of which the machine planting rate of rice is more than 75%. However, in the survey, the heads of relevant departments in Jiangsu province did not "rest easy" in agricultural modernization. "Although the production and sales revenue of agricultural machinery and equipment manufacturing industry in Jiangsu Province has jumped to the level of 100 billion yuan, it still faces the problem that there are more middle and low-end products, and high-end efficient, environmental friendly and intelligent agricultural equipment still depends on foreign-funded enterprises or foreign imports."

as a major application province of agricultural machinery and equipment, Jiangsu has made a difference in the transformation and development of agricultural machinery and equipment manufacturing industry, and they also have a deeper understanding of the problems and challenges. China, with thousands of years of ancient farming tradition, also presents the common problems faced by China's manufacturing industry in the agricultural machinery and equipment manufacturing industry: the low-end scale is large, the technology content is not high, the value chain is at the bottom, and the core technology is controlled by others

the same problem is echoed by the field survey results in Shandong and Henan

when visiting the agricultural machinery equipment manufacturing enterprises in the three places, Zhang Baowen, Chen Xiaoguang and Xu Hui, who led the teams respectively, paid special attention to the transformation and upgrading of the agricultural machinery industry of common concern, and asked in detail about the independent research and development of key technologies everywhere they went. During the investigation of relevant enterprises in Jiangsu, Zhang Baowen encouraged everyone that in the second half of 2016, domestic agricultural machinery and equipment have room to improve in the supply of high-end products, independent research and development of key components, product reliability and so on. However, he did not deny that the current new energy-saving and environment-friendly agricultural engines, sensors for agricultural machinery, stepless transmissions, and intelligent electrical control units for large tractors cannot be produced independently, which has become an innovation bottleneck in the manufacturing of agricultural machinery and equipment

in the field of agricultural machinery, gearbox and engine are its two core components. Zhang Baowen gave an example of "gearbox" technology in his research. He said that in terms of gearbox technology, most domestic manufacturers are still in the stage of synchronous gear shifting, while international advanced enterprises have been able to achieve stepless speed change, which is the real gap

it is reassuring that China's agricultural machinery and equipment manufacturing enterprises have recognized this gap and are trying to narrow it down

in Shandong, where Chen Xiaoguang led a team to investigate, there was a domestic agricultural machinery manufacturing enterprise that caused heated discussion in the agricultural machinery industry at home and abroad by narrowing the distance. This enterprise was also one of the enterprises investigated by the research team

at Shandong Lovol heavy industry, the apos p5000 tractor developed in Europe by this domestic agricultural machinery brand won the German Industrial Design Award - "red dot award" at one stroke not long ago. According to the person in charge, this tractor adopts a new self-developed power shift technology, which was previously considered to be beyond the reach of Chinese agricultural machinery manufacturers

now, by integrating resources globally, Chinese agricultural machinery enterprises have filled the gap of this technology, and to a certain extent, it is believed that it will further promote the transformation and upgrading of China's agricultural machinery industry

enterprises "practice their internal skills hard", and the government also bears its due responsibility

only Jiangsu Province has experimented with the technological transformation of equipment since. A certain proportion of rewards will be given according to the amount of equipment investment and the new tax contribution, so as to guide agricultural machinery industrial enterprises to speed up the technological transformation and reduce the investment cost. Provincial finance departments have also seriously implemented subsidies for the purchase of agricultural machinery. In recent years, Jiangsu provincial finance has arranged about 1.5 billion yuan of subsidies for the purchase of agricultural machinery above the provincial level every year, of which 200million yuan is arranged by the provincial finance, benefiting more than 70000 farmers

in view of the innovative development of the agricultural machinery industry, the research team suggested that the research and development of key technologies and key parts should be solved from the aspects of management system, technology research and development, and scientific and technological integration. Secondly, coordinated development should be carried out, building a supporting system for the transformation and upgrading of various agricultural machinery and equipment manufacturing, straightening out the relationship between the government and the market, and promoting the docking of industry, University and research; Finally, we should develop green, improve the efficiency of agricultural machinery and equipment manufacturing and other resources, speed up the transformation of development mode, and carry out intensive development

implement comprehensive policies to promote the structural reform of the agricultural supply side

if we investigate the agricultural machinery and equipment manufacturing enterprises, we can learn the advantages and disadvantages of products from the supplier. Then the research on agricultural cooperatives and large contracted households linked to output can explore the true face and deep-seated reasons of this imbalance between supply and demand from the demand side

in Henan, an old major grain producing area, there are not many farmers in the endless green wheat fields during the busy farming season

the head of Sili Gaozhuang agricultural machinery cooperative explained with a smile that mechanization has changed the fate of farmers "facing the Loess and facing the sky". Now a machine can be worth ten people's labor force, so there is no need to do it yourself. Talking about the demand for agricultural machinery, the person in charge frankly said that in the past, the contracted area of farmers was not large, and the agricultural machinery with low-end technology content was enough, and the key price was also cheap, which farmers could afford, but now it is completely different

this so-called "difference", through the field investigation, the research group had a deep feeling

"the small-scale operation of agricultural traditional household contract based on output is changing to the moderate scale operation such as family farms, and more and more capital, especially industrial capital, has successively entered the agricultural field." In Anhui's view, the penetration of market economy elements and concepts such as cost accounting and increasing benefits into the agricultural field has greatly stimulated the demand for large-scale and high-end agricultural machinery and equipment

in addition, there is another reason that cannot be ignored. In recent years, China's agricultural field has been emphasizing sustainable development and circular development, and continues to take comprehensive measures to control large-scale

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